These plastics have virtually displaced wood in the marine industry, and applications replacing metals in other areas continue to grow.
The user of this book will find practical and useful information for design, engineering, plant and maintenance. Presented is the technology and applications to serve the varied interests of readers in diverse industries.
Carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics are strong and light, with a high tensile strength, chemical resistance, stiffness, tolerance to temperature and low thermal expansion. Although they can be expensive to manufacture, they are often found wherever a high strength-to-weight ratio is required — in aerospace, ship-building, and the automotive industry for example.
Such measures offer an overall reduction in production and operations costs — the economy of parts results in lower production costs and weight savings, which leads to fuels savings and lowers the cost of flying the plane. Carbon-FRPs are popular in civil engineering to strengthen concrete, masonry, steel, cast iron and timber structured either by retrofitting existing structures to improve their strength or as an alternative reinforcing material to steel. The principle use of carbon-FRP is in retrofitting structures to improve and increase their load capacity and repair damage — bridges that carry far more traffic than there were ever intended to, for example.
Carbon-FRP can be wrapped around certain areas of a structure, a column, for instance, to enhance the shear strength of its reinforced concrete. Aluminum windows, doors and facades are also thermally insulated using plastics made of a glass-fiber-reinforced polyamide.
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The lighter weight material replaces metal in the body panels of high-end cars and supercars, making the vehicles not only lighter but more fuel efficient too. There is also a decrease in the number of components as parts are combined into simpler molds. Glass-FRPs are also found in gas and clutch pedals, replacing stamped aluminum.
Pedals can be molded as a single unit by combining the pedal and mechanical linkages, again streamlining production and operation. The fibers can also be oriented to reinforce again specific stresses, thereby increasing durability and safety.
Carbon-RFPs are also making their way into sporting goods such as squash, tennis and badminton racquets; sport kite spars; hockey sticks; bike frames; fishing rods and surfboards. Paralympian Jonnie Peacock also uses a carbon FRP blade for running and dancing in on Strictly Come Dancing , and high-performance drones often consist of carbon-FRP bodies, as do other remote-controlled vehicles and aircraft components — helicopter rotor blades for example.
Recent Progress in Additive Manufacturing of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite
Other uses for carbon-FRP include in musical instruments — violin bows and guitar picks, for example, or the whole instrument in some cases! It is also found in firearms where it has replaced certain metal, wood and fiberglass components, and in lightweight poles such as tripods and tent poles. Fiber-reinforced plastics have impressive electrical properties and a high-grade environmental resistance, along with good thermal insulation, structural integrity, fire hardiness, UV radiation stability and resistance to chemicals and corrosives. Those reinforced with glass are ideal for the power industry as they have no magnetic field and are resistant to electrical sparks.
Plastics reinforced with aramids - a class of synthetic polyamide formed from aromatic or ring-shaped monomers — demonstrate robust heat resistance and exceptional strength and thermals stability. As a result, they are utilized in bullet-proof and fire-resistant clothing.
Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics - 1st Edition
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