Norways Long Struggle for Independence (Nowegian History)

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The population of Norway is 5 million census. This works out at 14 people per square kilometer which means plenty of space for everybody.

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Compare that with Macau with 20, and Hong Kong with 6, per square kilometer to put things into perspective. In Norway, parents are entitled to days of paid parental leave when a child is born or adopted. Norway is home both to latte moms and latte dads. Fathers are more or less obliged to take a minimum of two months of parental leave. Aside from paid leave, the government provides an additional monthly child allowance barnebidrag until a child reaches the age of If you have more than one child, you also get an extra family supplement flerbarnstillegg.

How much the allowance is depends on your salary level. As a citizen in Norway, you have the fundamental right to daycare.


In this way, you are sure that there will always be a spot for your child. This amount is generally lower than in any other country. School for children aged 6 to 19 preschool class through upper secondary school is free of charge. The free education continues into university for students from the EU. Parents traveling with upto 4 children can bring the children along on the metro, tram, bus, boat etc free of charge using the family discount. Norway has a strong literary culture geared towards children.

Before Independence

There are child-specific sections in all libraries around the country. Norwegian cities are well equipped with parks and playgrounds.

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There are a lot of activities for families in the cities and nearby. Sports activities are the most popular; families can go skiing or play all kinds of sports during the weekends. Most Norwegian companies are flexible regarding parental duties, and employees get the right to care benefit when they have to stay home with sick children or dependents. Football soccer and Handball, Running, cycling and swimming are popular forms of exercise.

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Nevertheless, it is cross-country skiing that deserves to be called our national sport, and one in which Norway boasts world-class results. Norwegians like being outdoors, and often go for short or long walks in the fields, forests and mountains. The typical Norwegian cabin is therefore found in a rural location — if not in the wilderness. It is easy for anyone to experience this tradition. The Norwegian Trekking Association operates cabins all over the country that are available for everybody.

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Traveling is also a popular leisure activity. City vacations are popular and common, usually to major European cities, but transatlantic journeys and trips to Asia are also on the rise. The young tend to travel more than their parents and grandparents, and spend more time and money at restaurants and bars.

The number of restaurants in Norway is rising, and offer almost every kind of national food culture — from Japanese and Vietnamese to Mexican and Somali. Norwegian cuisine has also regained its status — from Maeemo in Oslo to Lysverket in Bergen. The Norwegian startup scene has long been lagging behind its Nordic neighbors, but it's now the fastest growing in the region.

The Nordic Web's analysis of the development of Norway's tech scene during the first half of strongly indicates that the country is on track for a new record year. The Norwegian government has been proactive in supporting a new age of innovation and entrepreneurship, throwing its weight behind initiatives like Innovation Norway, and Investinor, an evergreen investment company backed by the Norwegian government. In terms of number of investments, there have been 67 so far in — which can be compared with the standing record of 87 investments for the whole year of Norway has produced some exciting companies, including world-leading game-based edtech brand Kahoot.

Norway's startup ecosystem is strengthening all the time, with the launch of numerous incubators and accelerators emerge, including the likes of Angel Challenge , TheFactory , Katapult Accelerator, StartupLab, Siva, Kjeller Innovasjon and Venture Factory. Leading groups such as Startup Norway , founded and led by passionate entrepreneurs, give the rapidly developing ecosystem a real sense of community and cohesion. Denmark Finland Iceland Norway Sweden Country History The history of Norway has been influenced to an extraordinary degree by the terrain and the climate of the region.

Oslo Oslo, the capital of Norway, sits on the country's southern coast at the head of the Oslofjord. Other cities Bergen Bergen is a city on Norway's southwestern coast. Trondheim is the fourth-most-populous urban area in Norway by population , 3 In the city, startups such as EduTech company SoundsGood , e-health solution CheckWare , steaming aggregation company ParrotPlay and the quietly awesome music app Oiid are all making early waves and enjoying the city's co-working spaces of Digs and Work-Work. Norwegian heroes The work and exploring of Thor Heyerdahl is world famous.

It's quite easy to spot them and avoid troubles, just following these tips: If you see a "too good to be true" apartment there is a high probability that this is a scam. When a landlord tells you that you have to pay the deposit to a foreign account and that he will send you the keys via UPS.

47 - Norway: the emergence of the nation state

Sometimes they even show you the flat, and then ask you to make the deposit in a foreign account, be careful. Only pay the deposit when you sign the contract, if it's possible via wire transfer so there is some record of it and to a Norwegian account. Verify that the personal information of the landlord ask for his personal id is right, they will do the same with you so don't be afraid to ask. Means of payment Vipps Vipps enables private individuals to quickly, simply and securely send money to other users in real time by connecting mobile phone numbers to bank accounts.

Transport Norwegians uses their public transportation frequently. If you live outside the city in Norway you will need a car. If you are moving from outside the Nordics to Norway for work you will need to have the following papers in order before applying for your residency: Passport or copy of all pages in your passport Two new resent passport sized photos with white background Documentation which show you have somewhere to live in Norway Documentation that shows that the pay you have been offered meets the requirements.

You need to show that the pay you have been offered is not poorer than is normal for someone in your occupation in the place you are going to work.

Culture Language Norwegian is the official language of Norway and is held in high regard in the country. Dress casually at work. Stuart Burch considers the significance to Norway — both in terms of the past and the present — of the anniversary of , when the country at last won its independence from Sweden. Exactly one hundred years ago the people of Norway were going through a momentous period in their history. The dramatic events pivoted around June 7th, On that day the parliament in Kristiana Oslo instigated what might be termed a revolution when they voted to dissolve the union with Sweden that had been forced upon Norway by the Treaty of Kiel A plebiscite later that summer confirmed massive public support for independence and, following successful negotiations in the Swedish town of Karlstad, military conflict was averted.

When a rueful Oscar II abdicated the throne on October 26th, Norway was able to fully savour complete independence for the first time in four centuries of almost unbroken foreign influence, firstly from Denmark and then Sweden. With the institutionalization of parental leave from employment, both parents can be available to provide care for infants.

Traditionally, infants were regarded as defenseless and in need of constant care. Infants sleep in separate beds or cribs, either in their parents' bedroom or in a separate room. Breastfeeding on demand is now usual, but in previous generations was scheduled about every four hours.


Fresh air is considered important and often babies are allowed to sleep outdoors in a pram. Stimulation, exploration, and play, both indoors and outdoors, are now emphasized. Some mothers carry infants close to their breast in carrying slings, but the use of prams is more common. Many parents use day care facilities for one to six year olds, although this form of institutional care for the youngest ages is controversial.

For older toddlers, the social experience of interacting with others in day care facilities is highly valued. Child Rearing and Education. The national culture tends to be extremely child-centered. A national welfare system for children was enacted as early as , and in , a national ombudsperson for children was established.

Ideally, children should be cooperative and independent. However, socialization tends to be permissive since children are not taught boundary-setting rules and manners early. Childhood lasts longer than it does in many European countries, with adolescence not ending before graduation from high school. Since numerous mothers are employed, many children are socialized in child care facilities, either privately or through the local authority. Paid babysitters, usually young girls, may provide child care in cities when grandmothers are not available.

Confirmation as a member of the church is an important rite of passage. The ceremony is followed by a party to which neighbors and relatives are invited. Girls usually are given a bunad, or folk costume.

In traditional rural society, children were transformed into responsible adults, participating in adult economic activities, without going through a culturally recognized stage of adolescence. In the late twentieth century, adolescence became much more important for developing an identity separate from one's parents. Higher Education. Vocational training or higher education for the majority of citizens is emphasized.

After ten years of compulsory schooling, students may go on to an upper secondary school and then to one of the four universities or many colleges. Education accounts for approximately 14 percent of government expenditures. Residents tend to be egalitarian, private, and noncompetitive. Gender equality is observed in most social settings. People rarely use the polite or formal form of address; the use of the informal pronoun for personal address is almost universal. Independence and self-sufficiency are valued.

Being indebted by borrowing or receiving favors makes people uncomfortable. Individuals generally do not call attention to themselves through loud speech or flamboyant behavior. Personal space is respected, and so individuals stand well apart from each other when conversing. Punctuality is expected both in business and in social life.